Anti Flood Device by Magiplug
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Magiplug® is a bath plug which opens when the head of water over it reaches a certain level. It is intended to prevent bath overflow. The design has a significant advantage over conventional (built-in) overflows in that the emergency outflow takes place under a very much greater head and thus at a very much greater flowrate.
The Magiplug will be able to "keep up" with continuing inflow to a greater degree than a conventional overflow.
Magiplug® is constructed from moulded plastic parts. The seal is maintained by a spring. Compression of this spring under increasing head of water over the plug eventually causes the plug to open, allowing water outflow.
At some lower level, the spring will restore a closed position and will shut off outflow.
The plastic forming the open / close sealing plate has been modified by the addition of a temperature-sensitive colouring. This aspect of design is to give an immediate visual indication of potentially over-hot bath water.
When the pressure plate turns green this can be taken to indicate water definitely not too hot for safe exposure levels (eg for a babys bath).
School of Engineering & Electronics, University of Edinburgh - April 2004